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Black History Profile: A. Philip Randolph

A. Philip Randolph
A. Philip Randolph
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Updated: 2/04/2013 4:09 pm
JACKSONVILLE, Fla. -- Philip Randolph, the first president of the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters, was born in Crescent City, Florida, and grew up in Jacksonville.

The son of a Methodist minister, he attended the City College of New York, and later published The Messenger, a radical black magazine.

The 1937 contract between the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters and the Pullman Company cut working hours, increased pay, and improved working conditions.

Randolph was also a major influence in ending discrimination in defense plants and segregation of the U.S. military.

He was director of the August 28, 1963 March on Washington, D.C. - the largest civil rights demonstration in American history.

Source: State Archives/Florida Memory.
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