An update on the very active weather pattern I've been talking about for more than a week now (but never had any snow in our viewing area this week like at least one of of our competitors -- irresponsible (I say that realizing I will not be accurate every time!).
In any case....storm #1 is underway & hammering the corridor from Colorado to Iowa to Michigan with a full force blizzard. Thundersnow (lightning & heavy snow) was occurring in Iowa Wed. evening. Chicago will have a mix with rain at the onset turning to snow by Thu. night with very high winds. The cold front connected to the powerful storm near the Great Lakes will swing east across the First Coast Thu. night preceded by a strong & heavy band of showers & isolated t'storms. There will likely only be isolated lightning strikes but very strong upper level winds will have the potential to be transported to the ground with the heavy showers. The greatest concern will be the potential for winds of 40-50 mph, locally 60+ mph. While the tornado threat is not great, it's also not zero given the strong atmospheric shear. Most if not all of Thu. will simply be partly cloudy, breezy & mild with temps. near record highs in the low 80s.
While isolated showers may occur late in the day/early in the evening, the main band of rain & isolated storms should move from west to east between 7pm & midnight. While rain will be heavy at times, the swift movement of the overall band should limit amounts to less than an inch averaging a quarter to 3/4" of an inch.
Much colder air will funnel into the area Fri. on strong northwest winds coming off extensive fresh snow cover hundreds of miles to the northwest. Despite lots of sun, temps. Fri. won't get out of the 50s & winds will make it feel colder. Most inland areas will have a breezy freeze early Sat. then a combination of light winds & freezing temps. early Sun. will make for a heavy frost -- the closest we'll get to a White Christmas.
I still have an eye on storm #2 for next week. Temps. will quickly moderate Christmas Eve & Day. An isolated shower could occur otherwise partly cloudy skies. The bulk of rain & possible storms for the First Coast looks to be later Wed.-Thu. when we could see severe storms. The cold part of the storm will again be a snowstorm & possible blizzard approximately (still a long ways out) from Texas & Oklahoma to Missouri, Iowa & Illinois to the Upper Ohio Valley (a little east of current storm).
NOAA explorers discover deepwater gas seeps off U.S. Atlantic coast - Advanced sonar technology is key to discovery and mapping
NOAA ocean explorers used an advanced multibeam sonar mapping system on NOAA Ship Okeanos Explorer last month to discover and map the first deepwater gas seeps found off the U.S. Atlantic Coast north of Cape Hatteras. The seeps were found at water depths greater than 1,000 meters (3,300 feet). Based on preliminary information, scientists believe the seeps are likely emitting methane gas.
Locating seeps with this advanced technology will expand opportunities for researchers to study how seeps in the deep ocean environment affect ocean chemistry.
"Finding and mapping deep ocean seeps is vitally important but has been limited by technology," said Stephen Hammond, Ph.D., acting chief scientist in NOAA's Office of Ocean Exploration and Research. "With advanced multibeam sonar, it may become routine to discover seeps while we systematically explore our poorly-known ocean."
NOAA's use of advanced technology to discover seeps will benefit other agencies, including the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS).
"It's important to find and understand such seeps because they have global significance for the transfer of methane carbon from long-term storage in ocean-floor sediments into the ocean and atmosphere," said Carolyn Ruppel, Ph.D., chief of the USGS' Gas Hydrates Project. "Methane released into the water column is often oxidized to carbon dioxide, leading to changes in ocean chemistry, such as ocean acidification."
The seeps were mapped between Nov. 2 and 20 at three locations with water depths of 1,000 to 1,600 meters (3,300 to 5,250 feet). Approximately 25 distinct seafloor gas seeps were identified based on plumes rising into the water column as high as 1,100 meters (3,600 feet). The sites are between 147 and 163 kilometers (91 and 101 miles) off shore, with one site east of Cape Henry, Va., and two sites south and southeast of Nantucket Island, Mass.
U.S. Atlantic coast between Cape Hatteras, NC and Cape Ann, MA. The location of identified deepwater gas seeps are indicated with a yellow circle. High resolution. (Credit: NOAA)
"NOAA tested the ship's multibeam sonar last year in the Gulf of Mexico and confirmed its advanced signal processing made it a highly capable new tool to detect gaseous seeps at great depths and over wide areas," said Robert Detrick, Ph.D., assistant administrator of NOAA Research. "This technology and the information it delivers is extremely valuable to researchers and ocean resource managers in NOAA, in other agencies, and across the nation."
Further descriptions of the deepwater seep expeditions are on the Ocean Explorer website for the Northeast and Mid-Atlantic Canyons Expedition -- click here -- and 2011 Gulf of Mexico Expedition -- click here.
Single beam sonar systems have been used extensively to map gas seeps but do not provide as much coverage as typically collected by multibeam systems. Multibeam sonar obtains information from a fan-shape of beams, mapping a wider area more quickly and efficiently. Most multibeam sonars cannot process sonar signals from water-column seeps but the multibeam sonar on Okeanos Explorer is one of the few that is specially configured to do so.
View of 17 deepwater gas plumes identified east of Cape Henry, VA from information derived from an advanced multibeam sonar built into the hull of NOAA Ship Okeanos Explorer. Red cylinders have been added to show seafloor seep locations at the approximate base of each plume. High resolution. (Credit: NOAA)