• "Buresh Blog": "Matthew", upcoming "Super Moon" - Nov. 9th

    By: Michael Buresh


    Nov. 9, 2016 - The first week of Nov. marks one month since hurricane "Matthew" made its closest approach to Florida & Jacksonville (Oct. 7th) .... followed by a landfall on the S. Carolina coast.  Click -- HERE -- for a personal summary of the hurricane including forecasting, images, maps, graphics & photos.

    The National Hurricane Center has already surveyed a large part of the coast most directly impacted by "Matthew".  I had an opportunity to interview NHC director Dr. Rick Knabb Fri., Oct. 14th as the NHC was traveling north up the coast through Jacksonville Beach.  You can listen to his comments on my Twitter or Facebook fan page accounts.  Click - HERE - for the NOAA story on how the new storm surge watch/warning graphic compared to reality.  Subsequent studies will follow regarding the prototype inundation graphic & that forecast compared to reality (rather favorably in my humble opinion).  Photos below courtesy NOAA/NHC......

    "Super Moon" at mid month.....

    This month's full moon will "appear even larger" than normal due to its close approach to earth (perigee).  


    "On November 14, the moon becomes full within about two hours of perigee-arguably making it an extra-super moon.

    The full moon of November 14 is not only the closest full moon of 2016 but also the closest full moon to date in the 21st century.

    The full moon won't come this close to Earth again until November 25, 2034."


    Photo/illustration below: Sky and Telescope, Laurent Laveder from Space.com

    The night sky for the rest of Nov.:

    Nov. 14 (night): The Northern Taurid meteor shower peaks. A few might be seen after midnight, despite bright Moon.

    Nov. 15 (night): The Moon, a day past full, shines near Aldebaran and the Hyades.

    Nov. 17 (morning): The weak Leonid meteor shower peaks before dawn, but skyglow from the waning gibbous Moon will hide all but the brightest meteors.

    Nov. 21 (morning): Look for 1st-magnitude Regulus, the forefoot of Leo, less than 2° above the last-quarter Moon.

    Nov. 25 (dawn): The waning crescent Moon, Jupiter, and Spica form a triangle about 9° tall in the southeast.

    Nov. 30 (evening): Venus continues to climb in the west at dusk and now sets 3 hours after the Sun.

    Moon Phases
    First Quarter Nov. 7, 2:51 p.m. EDT
    Full Moon Nov. 14, 8:52 a.m. EDT (Beaver Moon; also called Frosty Moon)
    Last Quarter Nov. 21, 3:33 a.m. EDT
    New Moon Nov. 29, 7:18 a.m. EDT

    October global temps.:

    As part of an ongoing joint project between UAHuntsville, NOAA and NASA, Christy and Dr. Roy Spencer, an ESSC principal scientist, use data gathered by advanced microwave sounding units on NOAA and NASA satellites to get accurate temperature readings for almost all regions of the Earth. This includes remote desert, ocean and rain forest areas where reliable climate data are not otherwise available.

     October temperatures (preliminary)

    Global composite temp.: +0.41 C (about 0.74 degrees Fahrenheit) above 30-year average for October.

    Northern Hemisphere: +0.42 C (about 0.76 degrees Fahrenheit) above 30-year average for October.

    Southern Hemisphere: +0.39 C (about 0.70 degrees Fahrenheit) above 30-year average for October.

    Tropics: +0.46 C (about 0.83 degrees Fahrenheit) above 30-year average for October.
    The satellite-based instruments measure the temperature of the atmosphere from the surface up to an altitude of about eight kilometers above sea level.A La Niña Pacific Ocean cooling event strengthened slightly in October, with tropical Pacific Ocean temperatures cooling a bit, according to Dr. John Christy, director of the Earth System Science Center at The University of Alabama in Huntsville. The cooling Pacific released heat into the atmosphere, likely causing a slight warming in the tropical troposphere. If the La Niña continues as forecast, cooling atmospheric temperatures will likely follow after a lag of a month or two.

    If global average temperatures stay warm for another two months, that could push 2016 into position as the warmest calendar year in the satellite global temperature record. For the first ten months of the year, 2016 is a trifling amount (0.007 C) cooler than 1998, well within the margin of error. The two years could end in a statistical tie. Temperatures in both 1998 and 2016 were raised by an El Niño Pacific Ocean warming event.

    Compared to seasonal norms, the warmest average temperature anomaly on Earth in October was over the Chukchi Sea (north of easternmost Siberia) near Wrangel Island. October temperatures there averaged 6.04 C (about 10.87 degrees F) warmer than seasonal norms. Compared to seasonal norms, the coolest average temperature on Earth in October was near the city of Novosibirsk in Siberia, southern Russia. October’s temperatures there averaged 5.28 C (about 9.50 degrees F) cooler than seasonal norms.


    The amount of waste Americans generate has been on the rise – from 3.66 pounds per person in 1980 to 4.4 pounds per person in 2013 – but we’re also recycling and composting more. Today we recycle or compost about 34% of our waste, up from less than 10% in 1980.

    In 2013, Americans recycled and composted 87 million tons of waste. Keeping waste out of landfills and incinerators reduced CO2 emissions by more 186 million metric tons – the equivalent to the annual emissions of 39 million cars – and saved enough energy to power 10 million households for a year.

    November 15 is America Recycles Day. Take this opportunity to scour your home, school, or office for unusual items that you don't need any more but can be recycled:

    • hair care and mouthwash bottles;
    • plastic bags and plastic wrap used to package paper towels, toilet paper, and dry-cleaning;
    • mobile phones, tablets, computers, video game consoles, TVs, and other electronics.

    Recycling these items gives them new life. Plastic containers can become new plastic products, carpeting, or car parts. Plastic bags and plastic wrap can become new plastic bags, shopping carts, or fencing and deck materials. Valuable metals from electronics can be used in jewelry, new electronics, and car parts.

    Before tossing something in the trash bin, find out if it can be recycled. Visit www.iwanttoberecycled.org to learn more about the lifecycle of recycled products and find a recycling center where you live. 


    • In 2013, Americans recycled 63% of the paper, 27% of the glass, and 9% of the plastics they used.
    • Recycling one million cell phones can recover 35 thousand pounds of copper, 772 pounds of silver, 75 pounds of gold, and 33 pounds of palladium.


    The extraction, manufacturing, transportation, and final disposal of all consumer products and packaging, excluding food, accounts for 29% of US greenhouse gas emissions. Recycling items such as paper, plastic, glass, aluminum, batteries, used oil, tires, and electronics reduces the need to extract new raw materials from the earth and can help reduce emissions of heat-trapping gases into the atmosphere.

    For example, recycling paper allows it to be reused to make new paper products, reducing the amount of trees and other natural resources used to make new paper. Recycling a ton of paper can save the energy equivalent of 166 gallons of gasoline.

    Recycling items can also save money. For instance, recycling glass to make new glass is typically cheaper than using new natural resources.



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