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** There are no tropical threats to Jacksonville/NE Fl. & SE Ga. this week. Melissa is over the North Atlantic & weakening ... low pressure near Central America needs to be watched as the low moves into the Gulf of Mexico later this week.... & a wave will develop off the coast of Africa **
Melissa transitioned to purely tropical over the weekend over the Northwest Atlantic southeast of New England & is weakening over the North Atlantic recently becoming extra-tropical. The system is being picked up by a trough moving into the Northeast U.S. & taken out to sea & should soon dissipate. This is the first Atlantic 'M' name in the last 4 years to not become a major hurricane & to not make landfall (Matthew, '16... Maria, '17 & Michael, '18 were all retired).
Generally unsettled conditions continue over the Caribbean & Central America. Low pressure is forming near Central America & will move into the SW & Western Gulf of Mexico later this week where some attempts at tropical development will be possible. Depending on how this low develops, there may be impacts on the Gulf Coast late week into the weekend though it's too early to define those impacts.
Over the far East Atlantic.... a strong tropical wave has come off the coast of Africa & could briefly develop while impacting the Cape Verde Islands. This system will encounter hostile shear & dry air in a few days & has virtually no chance of making it across the Atlantic.
Atlantic dust (note the "doughnut" of Melissa in the midst of a large area of dry air/dust):
2019 names..... "Nestor" is next on the Atlantic list (names are picked at random... repeat every 6 years... historic storms are retired (Florence & Michael last year) & Dorian is almost certain to be next:
Mid & upper level wind shear (enemy of tropical cyclones) analysis (CIMMS). The red lines indicate strong shear of which there is plenty across the Atlantic at the moment:
The Atlantic Basin:
Water vapor imagery (dark blue indicates dry air):
Deep oceanic heat content is extreme over the NW Caribbean:
Sea surface temp. anomalies show a warm Gulf of Mexico, Central & Northwest Atlantic while the "Main Development Region" (MDR) remain cooler than avg. A pocket of cool water temps. has expanded over the SW Atlantic including the Bahamas:
While parts of the Atlantic are cooler than avg., it's important to realize the water is still warm enough to support tropical systems....
SE U.S. surface map:
Surface analysis centered on the tropical Atlantic:
Surface analysis of the Gulf:
Global tropical activity:
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